Orthotics are specially designed corrective devices to restore the natural position of the feet. It acts as an interface between the feet, the shoe, and the ground. The purpose of the device is to support the bones and joints of the feet to maintain an optimal neutral position and to eliminate or compensate any misalignments or structural problems of the feet.
Orthotics are usually prescribed by a specialized doctor according to the requirement, lifestyle, or shape of the feet of the patient. There are many different types of orthotics such as rigid types to increase the control of the feet, and soft or flexible types to provide comfort. Certain specially designed orthotics for different sporting activities provide balance and control during sports, prevent high impact stress or injury to the feet, knees, or spine, and also enhances performance.
Functions of Custom Foot Orthotics
- Prevent abnormal foot function
- Restore proper weight distribution
- Improve the overall biomechanical function of the foot
- Compensate for deformities or other abnormalities related to leg and foot
- Prevent further damage of joints, muscles, and ligaments
- Prevent sports injuries and enhance performance
Orthotics are commonly indicated for the prevention or correction of various foot conditions. The use of orthotics depends on the symptoms of the condition, which ranges from general aches to foot conditions such as Achilles’ tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, diabetic neuropathy, calluses or corn formation, Morton’s neuroma, and sesamoiditis. Sometimes, orthotics are also recommended as an alternative to surgery or may be used after surgery to preserve the alignment.